A key criticism of the Left, used by those on the Right, is that socialism is just the 'politics of envy'.
This is based on the following assumptions;
1. That wealth inequalities in society are justified because the wealthy have 'earned their wealth'.
This is clearly not the case. Inheritance, networking favours and monopolistic factors are in play that distort both the accumulated wealth and earnings of individuals.
2. That hard work ALWAYS justifies higher earnings.
This once again is clearly not the case. Some burglars are extremely hard working but clearly do not deserve their earnings. Equally some legal businesses are just parasitic on society. For example accident insurance, loan companies, salesmen, advertising. An increase in the number of lawyers reduces the overall GDP of the country.
3. Wealth inequalities in themself are not detrimental to the poor.
Au contraire, the evidence suggests it is the inequality itself that leads to worse health, worse education and lower quality of life, not just the absolute level of poverty.
Socialism seeks to redress this inherent unfairness for the benefit of all not just the poor.